Claims may be made upon a dead person’s estate if the deceased failed to make reasonable financial provision in their Will or under the rules of intestacy for a number of possible claimants. Claims may be made by various applicants pursuant to the Inheritance (Provision for Family Dependants) Act 1975.
The possible claimants include:-
A surviving spouse or civil partner.
A former spouse or civil partner who has not re-married.
A child of the deceased.
A person treated as a child of the family in relation to a marriage or civil partnership to which the deceased was a party (i.e. stepchildren).
Any person who was being maintained either wholly or partially by the deceased immediately before the death of the deceased (and who was not a child or stepchild of the deceased).
(after 1/1/1996) any person who was for a period of two years living with the deceased in the same household and as the spouse or civil partner of the deceased. (i.e. living together as co-habitant).